Imam Sadiq (as) speaks about the beliefs in Compulsion (Jabr) and Freewill (Tafwidh) which will show us that both of these beliefs are incorrect and actually one who believes in them is a disbeliever (Kafir).
عن أبي عبداللّه عليهالسلام قال: «الناس في القَدَر على ثلاثة أوجه : رجل زعم أنّ اللّه عزوجل أجبر الناس على المعاصي فهذا قد ظلم اللّه عزوجل في حكمه وهو كافر ، ورجل يزعم أنّ الأمر مفوّض إليهم فهذا وهن اللّه في سلطانه فهو كافر، ورجل يقول : إنّ اللّه عزوجل كلّف العباد ما يطيقون ، ولم يكلّفهم ما لا يطيقون، فإذا أحسن حمد اللّه ، وإذا أساء استغفر اللّه فهذا مسلم بالغ»[ 1
 بحار الأنوار : (ج 5 ص9 ب1 ح 14 and Aqaed Haqqa by Ayatollah Sayed Ali Hussaini as-Sadr page 190
Imam Sadiq (as) said: “People in regards to predestination are of 3 categories: The first is a man who assumes that Allah the Mighty and Glorious compels man to sin. This is certainly injustice towards Allah in regards to His ruling over His Kingdom and he who believes in this is a disbeliever. The second is a man who assumes that Allah gave him absolute free will over His actions without anyone being able to interfere in his actions, then this is lessening of Allah in His kingdom and he who believes this is a disbeliever. Thirdly, there is a man who says that Allah Mighty and Glorious obligated His servants what they are capable of doing and did not obligate them to do things that they are incapable of doing. Then when he does good he praises Allah and when he sins he seeks forgiveness of Allah. This is a Muslim.”
Published by Sheikh Mateen Charbonneau
Joshua Charbonneau is an American Muslim. He was born in 1982 in Sumter, South Carolina. He is of French Canadian and American descent. He was born into a Christian family, and later chose to revert to Shi’a Islam at the age of 17, having studied both faiths. After reverting to Islam he chose the name Mateen which in Arabic means strong, firm and unshakable. His first language is English and he also learned Quranic Arabic.
At age 26 he moved to Washington, DC area and has been an active part of the Muslim community. He took part in a documentary by Al-Anwar Hussain TV entitled Journey of the Spirit where he narrated his incredible story on how he became a Shia Muslim.
Since March of 2013 he has been studying Howza (Islamic Seminary) classes in America and Najaf al-Ashraf under esteemed scholars such as Sheikh Mustafa Akhound, Sheikh Mirza Abbas Shamsuddin, Sheikh Saed Kulayni, Sheikh Mohammad Baghernejad, Sayed Ibn Abbas Naqvi, Sheikh Mohammad Jafar Danesh, Sayed Baqir Imrani, Sayed Raad al-Alawi and Sayed Muhammad Baqir Shirazi.
Sheikh Mateen has also written, compiled and published some very in-depth books entitled The Suffering of the Ahl ul Bayt and their Followers (Shia) throughout History, Christians who defended and died for Prophet Muhammad and his Family (English, Spanish, French), Mystery of the Shia, a Study Guide for Logic and an extensive book of narrations entitled Prophetic Gems, A Commentary to the Faith of Shia Islam (Aqaed Imamiyya) of Allama Muzaffar (4 volumes) and Recalling the Sacrifices of Karbala. These titles are available at Amazon.
In 2014 he founded a nonprofit organization to send free books to prisoners entitled 2nd Chance Books, which was filmed about in a documentary by Ahlul Bayt TV entitled Faith Behind Bars.
He received his turban from the hand of Sheikh Ahmad al-Haeri on the martyrdom of Muslim ibn Aqil (ra) / Day of Arafat in 2016 and also from Marja’ Ayatollah Sayed Muhammad Taqi Modarresi in the Holy city of Karbala on the birth anniversary of Imam Sajjad (as) in 2018.
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